Support  on Medical Science Researches in Vietnam

Vietnam

National Center for Global Health and Medicine

April 2007

Project Name: Supporting Tuberculosis Research

Country: Vietnam

Contract Party: The Research Institute of Tuberculosis、Japan Anti- Tuberculosis Association

Start Date: May 2013

Project Description:

Under the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare’s consignment, The Research Institute of Tuberculosis, Japan Anti- Tuberculosis Association has been conducting the research of tuberculosis at Hanoi Lung Hospital and other various hospitals in Hanoi since 2003. TAC Hanoi office has been supporting the research by assistance in collecting clinical specimens, arrangment of clinical patients, coodination works , data inputs, the necessary paperwork, importing medical equipment and other logistic assistance.

Project Description:

Since 2007,the Vietnamese staffs of TAC Hanoi office have been supporting the National Center for Global Health and Medicine (NCGM) in their Japan/Vietnam medical science researches at Bachmai Hospital in Hanoi, and supporting NCGM’s study units — Medical Collaboration Center (MCC) and the Aids Clinical Center (ACC) — that aim to promote Japan/Vietnam collaboration medical science researches.

Project Description:

Nepal has been carrying out Three Year development plan. Currently, the 13th Three Year Plan (2014-2016) which follows the objective of the previous 12th Three Year Plan (2011-2013), aims to improve the standard of living for all Nepalese pepole, and by 2022, graduate from a less developed country. In order to reach this goal, substantial economic development and improvement in employment and the Governance Sectors to “provide effective government services” are necessary,

In order to internalize the aforementioned programme of “providing effective government services” to the local administrative offices, the Governance Sectors designed a national program titled “Local Governance and Community Development Program (LGCDP).” This program, overlooked by The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Local Development, aims to strengthen local administration by implementing projects that specialize in subsidy allocation and community initiatives, at respected administrative offices including District Development Committees (DDCs), Municipalities and Village Development Committees (VDCs). Although this program initially began in 2008, in 2013, it entered phase 2, aimed to be completed in 2017. Alongside LGCDP Phase 2 (LGCDP II), to reach the 13th Three Year Plan’s objective of improving government services, the development partners supporting LGCDP and The Ministry of Local Development, have revealed that strengthening both the service’s provider (supply side) and receiver (demand side) is highly essential.

The necessary trainings for employees of local administrative offices have been lead by the Local Development Training Academy (LDTA), following the LDTA Act, 2049 (1993). Thus, as one of the only national agencies that undertake skill development programs for local government bodies, active involvement and contribution toward LGCDP II is expected.

The Project has set the “improvement of local governance body through LDTA’s active involvement in skill development training program” as its highest priority and began its estimated 4 year plan in January 2016. The Project goal is to provide an organized method that offered effective training based on action research and result analysis, towards local governance bodies such as LDTA Kathmandu Office and other local training and development centers.

More specifically, the development of  training modules, revision of training experiences, carrying out action research, the development  of training processes and its implementation, development of a knowledge system, and its implementation are such activities of this Project.

This Project has been selected by JICA to the Joint Venture of TAC and another consulting company and TAC has been in charge of  [the Sub-leader/ Training Management 2] .

Local Development

Training Academy

Project for Improving Local Governance Training Through Capacity Enhancement on Research and Analysis

Nepal

JICA

January 2016

Regional Business Development Project Through Forest Products and Resources

Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz Republic)

JICA

September 2015

Project Description:

In the era of the Soviet Union, the forestry of Kyrgyzstan decreased from 1.19 million hectares in 1930 (6% of the country’s land) to 620 thousand hectares in 1966 (3% of the country’s land). Although reforestation efforts were made to increase forest land; 870 thousand hectares (4.3%) by 2003, the lack of silviculture lead to degradation in the quality and value of the forests.

One of the main forest management reforms by the Kyrgyzstan government was the implementation of a “Joint Forest Management” (JFM) system. This system required Leshozes (LH), a forest service office, Ali-Okimotu (AO), a village office, and the tenant or consumer of the forest to have mutual agreements on the management and consumption of the forest resources. Yet the reform lacked sufficient detail to operate such plan, thus was ineffective in solving the deforestation issue of Kyrgyzstan.

JICA then stepped in to develop and assist the “Joint Forest Management” system. In a span of 5 years from January 2009 to January 2014, the project titled “Joint Forest Management Improvement and Enforcement Project” aimed to tackle the core problems behind the ineffectiveness of the reform. To expand JFM, JICA’s objectives were to provide technical advice and knowledge on the production, processing and distribution of forest products, to provide stronger incentives for the tenants and improve networks between the three parties. Bordering two large consumer markets of Russia and the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan held great potential in agricultural and forestry exports, yet the country needed to improve each stage in production, processing and distribution, in order to cultivate an effective forest production business. 

Consequently in 2013, the Kyrgyzstan government formally requested the “Regional Business Development Project Through Forest Products and Resources” toward the Japanese government. Since the request, detailed development investigations took place in October 2014, a support framework was agreed upon between the two countries, and on May 21st 2015, R/D signatures were exchanged regarding the specific plan.

Based on this agreement, a 4 year project — from September 2015 to September 2019 — has been being implemeted with the State Agency for Environmental Protection and Forestry of Kyrgyzstan (SAEPF) as the counterpart. The project has been following the R/D (Record of Discussion), to grasp Leshozes’ current state in the nationwide production and marketing of forest products, to establish structural plans to advance efforts in implementing business models that encompass JFM, and to expand such forestry production businesses to all the stakeholders nationwide.

Specifically, the project has been aimed at three regions in Northern Kyrgyzstan: Issyk-Kul, Talas and Chuy Regions, as well as the Capital of Bishkek. In order to achieve the project’s goal, specific Leshozes were selected within the regions, and possible forest products and markets were identified. The business models for Leshoze forest production have been developed, and various seminars and workshops have been coordinated for the stakeholders, in order to expand nationwide forest production businesses in adopting JFM practices. 

TAC has henceforth been dispatching an expert in “forest products” toward this project.

Field check with staff of forest office in snow

Near Forrest Office

A family of Forest office

Improving Supervision on Health Services

  Liberia

  JICA

  December 2015

Project Description:

The Republic of Liberia’s civil war that spanned 14 years in length since 1989, inflicted considerable damage to the health index of the country. Even in the Capital of Monrovia and its county, Montserrado province, where more than a third of the country’s population reside, health management systems and infrastructure have reached impeccable standards, comparable to that of the surrounding counties. 

Ever since the nation’s first patient of the ebola virus disease in June, 2014, it has been prevalent , hence, primary health services have deteriorated. The country observed a decline in the number of health care workers, health-care providers’ motivation, a loss in the quantity or overall quality of treatment methods as well as an increase in unequal provision of medical resources and effective prevention methods. This proved the disease to have a substantial damage  on the general health care of the country.

In response to such outbreaks, TAC together with FASID have set forth in implementing a project titled “Improving Supervision on Health Services,” in December 2015 for the duration of 32 months, that aims to establish and make model of the health system in a district level. This project has been focusing on establishing management training models, constructing health management systems and supporting community health care providers and carrying out the training based on the established models  to CHVs and TTMs (Trained Traditional Midwives). TAC has thus been dispatching an expert on community health services in the project.

Monrovia city

Monrovia city

Health Center

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2017 External Ex-post Evaluation Study

West Africa; Senegal, Mali, Guinea-Bissau

JICA

August, 2017

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Senegal: Middle school constructed with grant aid support

Project Description:

JICA carries out and presents ex-post evaluation studies under the following objectives:

1.To hold responsibility of explaining the project outcome by ex-post evaluation surveys toward the stakeholders in Japan and it’s partnered countries.

2.In accordance with the results of the ex-post evaluation, to develop proposals, lessons and provide feedback in the design to improve current and future projects between JICA and its partnered countries.

 

Guinea-Bissau: Elementary school constructed with grant aid support by JICA

Mali: Hearing concerned persons in the central fish market

Bad off road all the way to

health facilities in the of Senegal

Ex-post evaluation study on grant aid projects and technical corporation projects are conducted no later than 3
years after the completion of the project. In order to ensure the evaluations are executed with objectivity and transparency, ex-post evaluations of projects that exceed 1 billion yen or have potential in achieving crucial lessons, are carried out by third parties
For the 2017 External Ex-post Evaluation, JICA will conduct the evaluation based on the Five Evaluation Criterias; Relevance, Effectiveness, Efficiency, Impact and Sustainability by DAC (Development Assistance Committee) proposed at the 1991 OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and

Guinea-Bissau: Investigation using questionnaires

Development).


TAC this time will conduct the ex-post evaluation study in 3 countries and on 5 projects: Senegal for its grant aid project and technical corporation project on the maintenance and improvement of health-care infrastructure as well as a grant aid project on middle school construction, Guinea-Bissau on the grant aid project supporting elementary school construction, and Mali, on its grant aid project to renovate and construct the central fish market.

4 experts from TAC will execute field evaluations on-site in a span of 2 periods and submit evaluation reports to JICA.

 
    In efforts to contribute towards food security and improve the quality and quantity of rice production
in Afghanistan, the Afghanistan government requested the Japanese government, technical assistance. In response, From September 2007 to March 2011, a project titled “RIP: Improvement of Rice-based Agriculture in Nangarhar Province” was implemented in Nangarhar province, the prominent rice-producing district of Afghanistan. With Sheshambagh Agriculture Experiment Station (SAES) in Jalalabad City as the project’s focal point,  a promising strategy was developed by both countries to improve rice productivity. Subsequently, the Afghanistan government requested further assistance from the Japanese government in upstream policy levels, to downstream market and distribution levels in the production supply chain, crucial in promoting rice production. JICA thus proceeded to expand RIP by spreading the improved rice production technology to other rice-cultivating districts of the country, and with the Afghanistan Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) as the counter-part, implementing “RIPA: Rice-based Agricultural Development in Afghanistan” from May 2011 to May 2016. RIPA was then extended for another year till May 2017, and upon evaluation of the project’s results, a technical cooperation project was introduced in September 2017 to complete unfulfilled objectives, with a deadline of May 2020.
    Up until now, the basic rice cultivation strategies necessary in the development of rice production in the target areas have been improved, to some extent, by researchers and extension workers at the demonstration farms. More precisely, researchers and extension workers who took part in Iran’s training transferred their skills to other regions through domestic training of local personnel. Demonstration farms were also constructed in each province, spreading the RIPA technology to local farmers in each region. In addition, a National Rice Promotion Strategy (NRPS) was established on the policy level as a result of JICA’s support in rice cultivation technology.
    This current technical corporation project aims to reevaluate the needs of the rice market and extract necessary information in research and dissemination activities for the promotion of rice production. In order to place an added-value in the needs of the rice market, the crucial support content; MAIL’s research capability and dissemination ability will be developed and prepared,
transferring the skills to other regions while ensuring the feasibility of such activity on the farmers level. JICA also plans to support the planning and implementation of the National Rice Promotion Strategy  (NRPS)   that is currently under development. In order to do so, the planning necessary in the promotion of rice production; linking central and provincial offices to field practitioners, allocating budgets, reinforcing and strengthening the monetization, evaluation and follow-up, as well as expanding stakeholder and donor involvement in the promotion of rice production, will be supported by JICA. Furthermore, taking into account the deadline of the project, JICA aims to support the compilation of the end result and provide assistance in maintaining the project so that Afghanistan can continue such activity independently. 
    As a result of Afghanistan’s current security and safety concerns that have restricted Japanese entry into the
country, JICA has established its Afghanistan office in Delhi, India, limiting on-site activity. Thus, training of counterparts will be conducted at Haraz Extension and Technology Development Center (HETDC)  constructed in Iran under technical cooperation by JICA between July 1999 and June 2004, bringing in counterparts from Afghanistan. There are 4 Japanese experts in the Project, Project Manager/ Rice Cultivation, Agriculture development/Coordinator , Market Needs Survey/ Post-harvest treatment and Training/ Coordinator, and the arrangement for the training in Afghanistan side will be made by four national staff of the project stationed in Kabul.
 

Rice-based Agricultural Development Project

Afghanistan

JICA

September, 2017

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